Trekking Genesis

Odë:hgöd

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Gen 33:20 . . He set up an altar there, and called it El-elohe-yisrael.

El-elohe-yisrael is actually 'Eel-'Eloheey-Yisraa'eel which is a compound of three
separate Hebrew words.

'Eel is from 'el (ale) and means strength; as an adjective; viz: mighty.

'Eloheey is from 'elohiym (el-o-heem') and means god(s) in a nondescript sense;
viz: the one true god and all manner of imitation gods.

Yisraa'eel is from Yisra'el (yis-raw-ale') and means: he will rule as God, which,
according to Gen 32:29, was Jacob's new name.


NOTE: Jacob himself was never personally seated on God's throne and ruling as
God; but one of his biological descendants does. (Num 24:17, Col 3:1, Phil 2:8-11)

So, if we put it all together, Jacob's altar was dedicated to The Almighty God of he
who will rule as God; or just simply The God Of Israel. It was the very, very, first
altar to ever be named after the god of the people of Israel. A true milestone in the
nation's history, and Jacob's too.

Just exactly how much time elapsed between Jacob's temporary camp at Succoth
and the events coming up in chapter 34 are unknown.

In the interval, Jacob very likely visited his dad and also traveled down to Seir to
visit his brother Esau too; like he promised in verse 14. Just because the Bible
doesn't say so; doesn't mean he didn't. One of the aspects of the Bible that some
people find very annoying is that it doesn't record every little detail.

For example at Matt 2:22-23 it's reported that the prophets said Jesus would be
called a Nazarene. But you won't find that quote in the Old Testament, so there's
no use in looking for it; and that's because not every word spoken by the prophets
was recorded: same as not every word spoken by Jesus was recorded in the
gospels; and not every detail of the patriarchs' lives are recorded in Genesis.

Scripture's omissions can often lead people into error via a kind of logic called an
Argument From Silence; which is a kind of reasoning that assumes that if
something isn't clearly stated, then it's inferred from the silence that there was
nothing to state.
_
 

Odë:hgöd

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Gen 34:1 . . Now Dinah, the daughter whom Leah had borne to Jacob, went out
to visit the daughters of the land.

Even though Dinah was brought up in a God-fearing home, she is going to fall prey
to the morals of a local culture; and that can happen to anybody, so no one should
ever think themselves immune to it.

"Do not be deceived: bad company corrupts good morals." (1Cor 15:33)

Paul's letter to the Corinthians wasn't written to bad people to encourage them to
live like Christians. No, it was written to Christians to discourage them from
hanging out with impious people and thereby becoming one of them.


Gen 34:2 . . Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, chief of the country, saw her, and
took her and lay with her by force.

The words "by force" aren't in the Hebrew text. By penciling those words into the
text, translators make Dinah appear to be the victim of a rape rather than a willing
partner in a hot affair. Most Bible students are well aware of the oftentimes low
moral character of the people of God, so if Dinah was truly accommodating in this
episode, it shouldn't surprise anyone. After all, young girls are very susceptible to
hero worship, and Shechem was a prince; the son of a sheik. What young girl
doesn't dream of being swept off her feet by a prince? It's pretty common; and it's
all part of being a real girl; for example:

I was amazed at an AeroSmith concert by the numbers of shapely, drop-dead
gorgeous young girls crowded up against the stage trying to get Steven Tyler to
notice them. If you've seen Mr. Tyler, I think you would agree with me he will
never qualify as a hunk. But Tyler is a famous entertainer; and entertainers have a
powerful sensual charisma regardless of their looks.

I observed an even more impressive display at a Rolling Stones concert (now
there's a study in ugly). Women of all ages, sizes, and waistlines, slingshot their
bras and panties up on the stage for the men to keep as love tokens. There were so
many female undergarments cluttering the stage that the situation became a safety
hazard. Keith Richards and the others had to kick them away to avoid tripping and
falling.


Gen 34:3 . . Being strongly drawn to Dinah daughter of Jacob, and in love with
the maiden, he spoke to the maiden tenderly.

Shechem's feelings for Dinah weren't the typical violent lusts that rapists expend
upon their victims. That boy was truly overwhelmed by Dinah; just like Jack was
overwhelmed by Rose in the movie "Titanic". I wonder if anyone reading this can
remember the last time you felt that way about somebody-- how you had difficulty
catching your breath, and how utterly vulnerable you felt in their presence. No, I
just can't believe Shechem raped Dinah. He really did like her as a person. She
wasn't just a girl toy for Shechem to exploit; no, Dinah was "the one" and to him,
she lit up the room the moment she walked in-- in his eyes; everything around her
was a silver pool of light.


Gen 34:4 . . So Shechem said to his father Hamor: Get me this girl as a wife.

In modern American culture, Shechem would be regarded as a wimp for not being
man enough to speak with Dinah's parents himself instead of seeking his dad's
assistance. But in that day, a man's parents or relatives did all the negotiating in
nuptial matters; and when it reached that stage, the romance was pretty serious
business.


Gen 34:5a . . Jacob heard that he had defiled his daughter Dinah;

From whom Jacob heard the news is not stated. Dinah had been taken into
Shechem's home (Gen 34:2) and remained there until this episode was over (Gen
34:26). So news came probably by some of Dinah's girlfriends from town whose
friendships she sought in Gen 34:1. By now, Dinah must be feeling very alone, and
afraid to come home and face the music.

When guys lose their virginity, it's different. They feel more like a man, they feel
better about themselves, and they feel highly regarded in the eyes of their male
friends. But girls oftentimes feel like cheap goods: soiled and fallen; not to mention
the fear of pregnancy and family disgrace. Not all girls feel the same about pre
marital trysts. Some relish the excitement. But others are scarred for life, and
never really get over it.

The Bible is silent about Dinah's feelings about all this, and after chapter 34, she's
mentioned only one more time at Gen 46:15 and that's it.


Gen 34:5b . . but since his sons were in the field with his cattle, Jacob kept silent
until they came home.

If Jacob had allowed his passions to overrule his better judgment, he might have
stormed out and confronted Shechem's family all by himself, and they just may
have been annoyed enough to murder him on the spot. No, best to wait for back-up
on this one. And besides, brothers were often key decision makers in a sister's
betrothal (e.g. Gen 24:29-61). So Jacob needed his boys; if not for personal
defense, then at least to take part in the decision concerning whom Dinah would
wed.


Gen 34:6-7a . .Then Shechem's father Hamor came out to Jacob to speak to him.
Meanwhile Jacob's sons, having heard the news, came in from the field.

Jacob probably sent a runner out to get the boys and have them come home as
soon as possible. By luck, they arrived the same time as Shechem and his dad. So
the key players are present, the stage is set, and they can all get down to business.
_
 

Odë:hgöd

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Gen 34:7b . .The men were distressed and very angry, because he had
committed an outrage in Israel by lying with Jacob's daughter-- a thing not to be
done.

This is the first instance of Jewish tribalism in the Bible. Ironically; the boys were
far more upset for what Shechem did to the family name then what he did to their
sister. However; that's a very common reaction from male siblings. Brothers
typically take it personal when a guy abuses their sister or says something
derogatory about her; even when the brothers themselves don't even like her.

The phrase "a thing not to be done" didn't apply to Shechem and Hamor.
Promiscuity wasn't considered immoral in their culture. Extra-marital activity was a
normal social interaction in many parts of Canaan, and nobody gave it a second
thought. In fact, neither Shechem nor his dad felt any inclination whatsoever to
apologize for what happened and probably would have become indignant if asked
to; but Israel's moral standards were God-influenced, and ran counter to common
mores. (cf. Gen 18:19)


Gen 34:8-9 . . And Hamor spoke with them, saying: My son Shechem longs for
your daughter. Please give her to him in marriage. Intermarry with us: give your
daughters to us, and take our daughters for yourselves:

The only problem is: whose religion would be taught to Dinah's children? Would it
be the Canaanites' religion or Jacob's religion? Would they be taught both religions;
and thus create confusion in the children's minds? People for whom religion means
very little; can cross breed all they want and it doesn't make any difference.

However; as a general rule, it is never, ever a good idea to marry outside your own
religion. Marriage is tough enough without dividing the family with differing
religious philosophies. Couples should make every effort to strive for unity in all
things; especially in the area of religion.

"Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath
righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with
darkness? And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what province hath he that
believeth with an infidel? And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols?
for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and
walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. Wherefore come
out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the
unclean thing; and I will receive you, and will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be
my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty." (2Cor 6:14-18)

For Jacob's family, marriage with another culture was not a good idea at all. Their
granddad was called to a very high purpose-- a purpose in which they were all
expected to have a role; and that would be the role of engendering a great nation
whose God would be Yhvh; and thus be a witness to the one True God: and a
nation that would ultimately be a blessing to the whole world. A people like Hamor's
were a serious threat to fulfilling that purpose.


Gen 34:10 . .You will dwell among us, and the land will be open before you;
settle, move about, and acquire holdings in it.

That must have been a very tempting offer to Jacob. Hamor's people would protect
his family, and let him use choice grazing lands, and sell him property to build a
home on if he joined their clan instead of going off on his own with no one but Yhvh
to rely upon. But then Israel would be assimilated; and that was something Jacob
had to avoid at all costs.

A holy nation has got to remain separated and independent from its unholy
neighbors so God can bless. Just look what assimilation has done to the people of
Israel over the years. Only a measly ten percent of them today are orthodox. Many
of them are secular, worldly, conformed, and totally without their God. That is truly
pitiful; and totally unacceptable.


Gen 34:11-12 . .Then Shechem said to her father and brothers: Do me this favor,
and I will pay whatever you tell me. Ask of me a bride-price ever so high, as well as
gifts, and I will pay what you tell me; only give me the maiden for a wife.

Shechem really did love Dinah, and was willing to go to some pretty extreme
lengths to keep her. Unfortunately, he got off on the wrong foot with Dinah's
brothers; which would prove fatal to every man in his village, including Shechem's
dad.


Gen 34:13a . . Jacob's sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor

It's uncertain all eleven of Jacob's boys took part in this. Later, only two of them,
Simeon and Levi, would subsequently go into town and murder all the men. Jacob
apparently said nothing in the negotiations; he only witnessed it all, listening to
everything, but letting his sons do all the talking.


Gen 34:13b-17 . . speaking with guile because he had defiled their sister Dinah--
and said to them: We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to a man who is
uncircumcised, for that is a disgrace among us. Only on this condition will we agree
with you; that you will become like us in that every male among you is circumcised.

. . .Then we will give our daughters to you and take your daughters to ourselves;
and we will dwell among you and become as one kindred. But if you will not listen
to us and become circumcised, we will take our daughter and go.

It's difficult to ascertain what the boys were implying by the prerequisite of
circumcision. Were they implying that Shechem's clan could only blend with the
people of Israel via Abraham's covenant of circumcision? Apparently that's the
impression they were giving, and Hamor seems to understand that if the two
families were to become one clan, then Israel's religion has to be in common.

Jacob's silence suggests he was thinking the very same. As for Hamor, being a
covetous man at heart; circumcision surely seemed an insignificant price to become
joint owner of Jacob's possessions.
_
 

Odë:hgöd

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Gen 34:18-19 . .Their words pleased Hamor and Hamor's son Shechem. And the
youth lost no time in doing the thing, for he wanted Jacob's daughter. Now he was
the most respected in his father's house.

Shechem took the lead and set the example for the rest of the men in his village.
He apparently had quite a bit of influence, and people looked up to him.


Gen 34:20-24 . . So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the public place of their
town and spoke to their fellow townsmen, saying: These people are our friends; let
them settle in the land and move about in it, for the land is large enough for them;
we will take their daughters to ourselves as wives and give our daughters to them.

. . . But only on this condition will the men agree with us to dwell among us and be
as one kindred: that all our males become circumcised as they are circumcised.
Their cattle and substance and all their beasts will be ours, if we only agree to their
terms, so that they will settle among us. All who went out of the gate of his town
heeded Hamor and his son Shechem, and all males, all those who went out of the
gate of his town, were circumcised

Hamor convinced the men of his village that they would prosper by submitting to
the surgery. His village apparently operated on the commune principle: What you
have is mine, and what I have is yours. So everyone would benefit from
assimilating Jacob's family because they would become co-owners of his
possessions; which, when he departed Laban, was a goodly amount of livestock and
slaves. The arrangement was appealing: it made good business sense, and would
have been very lucrative for Hamor's village if only Jacob's sons had been honest
about it.


Gen 34:25-26 . . On the third day, when they were in pain, Simeon and Levi, two
of Jacob's sons, brothers of Dinah, took each his sword, came upon the city
unopposed, and slew all the males. They put Hamor and his son Shechem to the
sword, took Dinah out of Shechem's house, and went away.

The boys did all that without Jacob's knowledge. Exactly what effect the massacre
of her boyfriend and his dad had upon Dinah is not said. Family rivalries, like the
old hillbilly feuds, are bitter and driven solely by the code of the vendetta. There's
no justice in a vendetta; only pay-back.

Oh, The Martins and the Coys,
They were reckless mountain boys,
And they scarred the mountains up with shot and shell.

There was uncles, brothers, cousins,
Why; they bumped them off by dozens,
Just how many bit the dust is hard to tell.

(Gene Autry)

Gen 34:27 . .The other sons of Jacob came upon the slain and plundered the
town, because their sister had been defiled.

Only two of the brothers did the killing, but apparently all who were old enough
participated in the pillaging. I tell you, some of the patriarchs were brutal men; and
it was from them that the nation of Israel sprang. Later, they will sell their own kid
brother Joseph into slavery simply because they envied his favorite-son status with
their dad.


Gen 34:28-29 . .They seized their flocks and herds and donkeys, all that was
inside the town and outside; all their wealth, all their children, and their wives, all
that was in the houses, they took as captives and booty.

What they did was what conquerors legitimately do in war. But Jacob wasn't at war
with Hamor's clan. Those boys were nothing in the world but murderers,
kidnappers, thugs, and thieves. To think Messiah came from that blood line is
beyond belief!

Gen 34:30-31 . . Jacob said to Simeon and Levi: You have brought trouble on
me, making me odious among the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites and the
Perizzites; my men are few in number, so that if they unite against me and attack
me, I and my house will be destroyed. But they answered: Should our sister be
treated like a harlot?

Dinah's brothers were rash and hot headed; placing their own rage above and
beyond their family's safety, and their father Jacob's honor. That is the self
centered attitude of criminals; which is exactly what they were. Without God's
providence, surely all of Canaan would have banded together and justly hanged
every last male in Jacob's camp so that the nation of Israel would have ended right
then and there. There would have been no holocaust and no crucifixion, and the
Palestinians today would have a country to call their own. It's almost impossible to
comprehend how those boys could have ever descended from the world's most
respected religious figure the world has ever known: Abraham ben Terah.

Many years later, Moses' people came to the brink of annihilation again because of
the pride of just one lone Jew in the book of Ruth. Boy! I tell you: God has really
had His hands full keeping those people from destroying themselves. Truth be told:
if it weren't for God's promise to Abraham, the Jews would have been extinct as a
people long ago. (2Kings 13:23)
_
 

pinacled

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Gen 34:1 . . Now Dinah, the daughter whom Leah had borne to Jacob, went out
to visit the daughters of the land.

Even though Dinah was brought up in a God-fearing home, she is going to fall prey
to the morals of a local culture; and that can happen to anybody, so no one should
ever think themselves immune to it.

"Do not be deceived: bad company corrupts good morals." (1Cor 15:33)

Paul's letter to the Corinthians wasn't written to bad people to encourage them to
live like Christians. No, it was written to Christians to discourage them from
hanging out with impious people and thereby becoming one of them.


Gen 34:2 . . Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, chief of the country, saw her, and
took her and lay with her by force.

The words "by force" aren't in the Hebrew text. By penciling those words into the
text, translators make Dinah appear to be the victim of a rape rather than a willing
partner in a hot affair. Most Bible students are well aware of the oftentimes low
moral character of the people of God, so if Dinah was truly accommodating in this
episode, it shouldn't surprise anyone. After all, young girls are very susceptible to
hero worship, and Shechem was a prince; the son of a sheik. What young girl
doesn't dream of being swept off her feet by a prince? It's pretty common; and it's
all part of being a real girl; for example:

I was amazed at an AeroSmith concert by the numbers of shapely, drop-dead
gorgeous young girls crowded up against the stage trying to get Steven Tyler to
notice them. If you've seen Mr. Tyler, I think you would agree with me he will
never qualify as a hunk. But Tyler is a famous entertainer; and entertainers have a
powerful sensual charisma regardless of their looks.

I observed an even more impressive display at a Rolling Stones concert (now
there's a study in ugly). Women of all ages, sizes, and waistlines, slingshot their
bras and panties up on the stage for the men to keep as love tokens. There were so
many female undergarments cluttering the stage that the situation became a safety
hazard. Keith Richards and the others had to kick them away to avoid tripping and
falling.


Gen 34:3 . . Being strongly drawn to Dinah daughter of Jacob, and in love with
the maiden, he spoke to the maiden tenderly.

Shechem's feelings for Dinah weren't the typical violent lusts that rapists expend
upon their victims. That boy was truly overwhelmed by Dinah; just like Jack was
overwhelmed by Rose in the movie "Titanic". I wonder if anyone reading this can
remember the last time you felt that way about somebody-- how you had difficulty
catching your breath, and how utterly vulnerable you felt in their presence. No, I
just can't believe Shechem raped Dinah. He really did like her as a person. She
wasn't just a girl toy for Shechem to exploit; no, Dinah was "the one" and to him,
she lit up the room the moment she walked in-- in his eyes; everything around her
was a silver pool of light.


Gen 34:4 . . So Shechem said to his father Hamor: Get me this girl as a wife.

In modern American culture, Shechem would be regarded as a wimp for not being
man enough to speak with Dinah's parents himself instead of seeking his dad's
assistance. But in that day, a man's parents or relatives did all the negotiating in
nuptial matters; and when it reached that stage, the romance was pretty serious
business.


Gen 34:5a . . Jacob heard that he had defiled his daughter Dinah;

From whom Jacob heard the news is not stated. Dinah had been taken into
Shechem's home (Gen 34:2) and remained there until this episode was over (Gen
34:26). So news came probably by some of Dinah's girlfriends from town whose
friendships she sought in Gen 34:1. By now, Dinah must be feeling very alone, and
afraid to come home and face the music.

When guys lose their virginity, it's different. They feel more like a man, they feel
better about themselves, and they feel highly regarded in the eyes of their male
friends. But girls oftentimes feel like cheap goods: soiled and fallen; not to mention
the fear of pregnancy and family disgrace. Not all girls feel the same about pre
marital trysts. Some relish the excitement. But others are scarred for life, and
never really get over it.

The Bible is silent about Dinah's feelings about all this, and after chapter 34, she's
mentioned only one more time at Gen 46:15 and that's it.


Gen 34:5b . . but since his sons were in the field with his cattle, Jacob kept silent
until they came home.

If Jacob had allowed his passions to overrule his better judgment, he might have
stormed out and confronted Shechem's family all by himself, and they just may
have been annoyed enough to murder him on the spot. No, best to wait for back-up
on this one. And besides, brothers were often key decision makers in a sister's
betrothal (e.g. Gen 24:29-61). So Jacob needed his boys; if not for personal
defense, then at least to take part in the decision concerning whom Dinah would
wed.


Gen 34:6-7a . .Then Shechem's father Hamor came out to Jacob to speak to him.
Meanwhile Jacob's sons, having heard the news, came in from the field.

Jacob probably sent a runner out to get the boys and have them come home as
soon as possible. By luck, they arrived the same time as Shechem and his dad. So
the key players are present, the stage is set, and they can all get down to business.
_
You cited a foul version of the account which leads thoughts astray.

Here is an appropriate account.
ב וַיַּרְא אֹתָהּ שְׁכֶם בֶּן-חֲמוֹר, הַחִוִּי--נְשִׂיא הָאָרֶץ; וַיִּקַּח אֹתָהּ וַיִּשְׁכַּב אֹתָהּ, וַיְעַנֶּהָ.

2 And Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, the prince of the land, saw her; and he took her, and lay with her, and humbled her.
 

pinacled

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Gen 34:18-19 . .Their words pleased Hamor and Hamor's son Shechem. And the
youth lost no time in doing the thing, for he wanted Jacob's daughter. Now he was
the most respected in his father's house.

Shechem took the lead and set the example for the rest of the men in his village.
He apparently had quite a bit of influence, and people looked up to him.


Gen 34:20-24 . . So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the public place of their
town and spoke to their fellow townsmen, saying: These people are our friends; let
them settle in the land and move about in it, for the land is large enough for them;
we will take their daughters to ourselves as wives and give our daughters to them.

. . . But only on this condition will the men agree with us to dwell among us and be
as one kindred: that all our males become circumcised as they are circumcised.
Their cattle and substance and all their beasts will be ours, if we only agree to their
terms, so that they will settle among us. All who went out of the gate of his town
heeded Hamor and his son Shechem, and all males, all those who went out of the
gate of his town, were circumcised

Hamor convinced the men of his village that they would prosper by submitting to
the surgery. His village apparently operated on the commune principle: What you
have is mine, and what I have is yours. So everyone would benefit from
assimilating Jacob's family because they would become co-owners of his
possessions; which, when he departed Laban, was a goodly amount of livestock and
slaves. The arrangement was appealing: it made good business sense, and would
have been very lucrative for Hamor's village if only Jacob's sons had been honest
about it.


Gen 34:25-26 . . On the third day, when they were in pain, Simeon and Levi, two
of Jacob's sons, brothers of Dinah, took each his sword, came upon the city
unopposed, and slew all the males. They put Hamor and his son Shechem to the
sword, took Dinah out of Shechem's house, and went away.

The boys did all that without Jacob's knowledge. Exactly what effect the massacre
of her boyfriend and his dad had upon Dinah is not said. Family rivalries, like the
old hillbilly feuds, are bitter and driven solely by the code of the vendetta. There's
no justice in a vendetta; only pay-back.

Oh, The Martins and the Coys,
They were reckless mountain boys,
And they scarred the mountains up with shot and shell.

There was uncles, brothers, cousins,
Why; they bumped them off by dozens,
Just how many bit the dust is hard to tell.

(Gene Autry)

Gen 34:27 . .The other sons of Jacob came upon the slain and plundered the
town, because their sister had been defiled.

Only two of the brothers did the killing, but apparently all who were old enough
participated in the pillaging. I tell you, some of the patriarchs were brutal men; and
it was from them that the nation of Israel sprang. Later, they will sell their own kid
brother Joseph into slavery simply because they envied his favorite-son status with
their dad.


Gen 34:28-29 . .They seized their flocks and herds and donkeys, all that was
inside the town and outside; all their wealth, all their children, and their wives, all
that was in the houses, they took as captives and booty.

What they did was what conquerors legitimately do in war. But Jacob wasn't at war
with Hamor's clan. Those boys were nothing in the world but murderers,
kidnappers, thugs, and thieves. To think Messiah came from that blood line is
beyond belief!

Gen 34:30-31 . . Jacob said to Simeon and Levi: You have brought trouble on
me, making me odious among the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites and the
Perizzites; my men are few in number, so that if they unite against me and attack
me, I and my house will be destroyed. But they answered: Should our sister be
treated like a harlot?

Dinah's brothers were rash and hot headed; placing their own rage above and
beyond their family's safety, and their father Jacob's honor. That is the self
centered attitude of criminals; which is exactly what they were. Without God's
providence, surely all of Canaan would have banded together and justly hanged
every last male in Jacob's camp so that the nation of Israel would have ended right
then and there. There would have been no holocaust and no crucifixion, and the
Palestinians today would have a country to call their own. It's almost impossible to
comprehend how those boys could have ever descended from the world's most
respected religious figure the world has ever known: Abraham ben Terah.

Many years later, Moses' people came to the brink of annihilation again because of
the pride of just one lone Jew in the book of Ruth. Boy! I tell you: God has really
had His hands full keeping those people from destroying themselves. Truth be told:
if it weren't for God's promise to Abraham, the Jews would have been extinct as a
people long ago. (2Kings 13:23)
_
Two sons likened to 2 swords foreshadowing salvation
 

pinacled

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Gen 34:18-19 . .Their words pleased Hamor and Hamor's son Shechem. And the
youth lost no time in doing the thing, for he wanted Jacob's daughter. Now he was
the most respected in his father's house.

Shechem took the lead and set the example for the rest of the men in his village.
He apparently had quite a bit of influence, and people looked up to him.


Gen 34:20-24 . . So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the public place of their
town and spoke to their fellow townsmen, saying: These people are our friends; let
them settle in the land and move about in it, for the land is large enough for them;
we will take their daughters to ourselves as wives and give our daughters to them.

. . . But only on this condition will the men agree with us to dwell among us and be
as one kindred: that all our males become circumcised as they are circumcised.
Their cattle and substance and all their beasts will be ours, if we only agree to their
terms, so that they will settle among us. All who went out of the gate of his town
heeded Hamor and his son Shechem, and all males, all those who went out of the
gate of his town, were circumcised

Hamor convinced the men of his village that they would prosper by submitting to
the surgery. His village apparently operated on the commune principle: What you
have is mine, and what I have is yours. So everyone would benefit from
assimilating Jacob's family because they would become co-owners of his
possessions; which, when he departed Laban, was a goodly amount of livestock and
slaves. The arrangement was appealing: it made good business sense, and would
have been very lucrative for Hamor's village if only Jacob's sons had been honest
about it.


Gen 34:25-26 . . On the third day, when they were in pain, Simeon and Levi, two
of Jacob's sons, brothers of Dinah, took each his sword, came upon the city
unopposed, and slew all the males. They put Hamor and his son Shechem to the
sword, took Dinah out of Shechem's house, and went away.

The boys did all that without Jacob's knowledge. Exactly what effect the massacre
of her boyfriend and his dad had upon Dinah is not said. Family rivalries, like the
old hillbilly feuds, are bitter and driven solely by the code of the vendetta. There's
no justice in a vendetta; only pay-back.

Oh, The Martins and the Coys,
They were reckless mountain boys,
And they scarred the mountains up with shot and shell.

There was uncles, brothers, cousins,
Why; they bumped them off by dozens,
Just how many bit the dust is hard to tell.

(Gene Autry)

Gen 34:27 . .The other sons of Jacob came upon the slain and plundered the
town, because their sister had been defiled.

Only two of the brothers did the killing, but apparently all who were old enough
participated in the pillaging. I tell you, some of the patriarchs were brutal men; and
it was from them that the nation of Israel sprang. Later, they will sell their own kid
brother Joseph into slavery simply because they envied his favorite-son status with
their dad.


Gen 34:28-29 . .They seized their flocks and herds and donkeys, all that was
inside the town and outside; all their wealth, all their children, and their wives, all
that was in the houses, they took as captives and booty.

What they did was what conquerors legitimately do in war. But Jacob wasn't at war
with Hamor's clan. Those boys were nothing in the world but murderers,
kidnappers, thugs, and thieves. To think Messiah came from that blood line is
beyond belief!

Gen 34:30-31 . . Jacob said to Simeon and Levi: You have brought trouble on
me, making me odious among the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites and the
Perizzites; my men are few in number, so that if they unite against me and attack
me, I and my house will be destroyed. But they answered: Should our sister be
treated like a harlot?

Dinah's brothers were rash and hot headed; placing their own rage above and
beyond their family's safety, and their father Jacob's honor. That is the self
centered attitude of criminals; which is exactly what they were. Without God's
providence, surely all of Canaan would have banded together and justly hanged
every last male in Jacob's camp so that the nation of Israel would have ended right
then and there. There would have been no holocaust and no crucifixion, and the
Palestinians today would have a country to call their own. It's almost impossible to
comprehend how those boys could have ever descended from the world's most
respected religious figure the world has ever known: Abraham ben Terah.

Many years later, Moses' people came to the brink of annihilation again because of
the pride of just one lone Jew in the book of Ruth. Boy! I tell you: God has really
had His hands full keeping those people from destroying themselves. Truth be told:
if it weren't for God's promise to Abraham, the Jews would have been extinct as a
people long ago. (2Kings 13:23)
_
The statement "ought not be done" is referring to an oral contract ie spoken agreement that hamor and shechem obliged to and failed to meet.
Shechem lying with dinah broke(severed) the peace treaty.
Regardless of his love and affection for dinah and hers for him the affair had consequences.
It was an act of warfare to go beyond the fence line of a neighbor.
Hence a mention of the city gate.

Acts 17
[and He made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth, having determined their appointed times and the boundaries of their habitation,]

Source: https://bible.knowing-jesus.com/topics/Boundaries


ז וּבְנֵי יַעֲקֹב בָּאוּ מִן-הַשָּׂדֶה, כְּשָׁמְעָם, וַיִּתְעַצְּבוּ הָאֲנָשִׁים, וַיִּחַר לָהֶם מְאֹד: כִּי-נְבָלָה עָשָׂה בְיִשְׂרָאֵל, לִשְׁכַּב אֶת-בַּת-יַעֲקֹב, וְכֵן, לֹא יֵעָשֶׂה.

7 And the sons of Jacob came in from the field when they heard it; and the men were grieved, and they were very wroth, because he had wrought a vile deed in Israel in lying with Jacob's daughter; which thing ought not to be done.
 
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pinacled

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The statement "ought not be done" is referring to an oral contract ie spoken agreement that hamor and shechem obliged to and failed to meet.
Shechem lying with dinah broke(severed) the peace treaty.
Regardless of his love and affection for dinah and hers for him the affair had consequences.
It was an act of warfare to go beyond the fence line of a neighbor.
Hence a mention of the city gate.

Acts 17
[and He made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth, having determined their appointed times and the boundaries of their habitation,]

Source: https://bible.knowing-jesus.com/topics/Boundaries


ז וּבְנֵי יַעֲקֹב בָּאוּ מִן-הַשָּׂדֶה, כְּשָׁמְעָם, וַיִּתְעַצְּבוּ הָאֲנָשִׁים, וַיִּחַר לָהֶם מְאֹד: כִּי-נְבָלָה עָשָׂה בְיִשְׂרָאֵל, לִשְׁכַּב אֶת-בַּת-יַעֲקֹב, וְכֵן, לֹא יֵעָשֶׂה.

7 And the sons of Jacob came in from the field when they heard it; and the men were grieved, and they were very wroth, because he had wrought a vile deed in Israel in lying with Jacob's daughter; which thing ought not to be done.
Consider also the number of children leah bore.
2 dealt cruely and all 10 sons of jacob plundered.
The numerical composition is the remez.

Blessings Always
 

pinacled

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Forgive me sir ode .

Please continue with the terrain of Torah as is fit in your heart.

I'll only intervene when nessecary.

Blessings Always
 

Odë:hgöd

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Gen 35:1 . . God said to Jacob: Arise, go up to Bethel and remain there; and
build an altar there to the god who appeared to you when you were fleeing from
your brother Esau.

That is some very strange language. Why didn't God say "build an altar to Me; who
appeared to you when, etc". On the surface, it appears that God is speaking of a
god other than Himself. But according to Gen 35:2, Jacob's family had a number of
gods in their possession and I think God just wanted to make sure Jacob
understood that He wanted no truck with them. For example:

"You shall have no other gods before Me. You shall not make for yourself an idol, or
any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water
under the earth. You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, Jehovah your.
god, am a jealous god," (Ex 20:3-5)


Gen 35:2 . . So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him: Rid
yourselves of the alien gods in your midst, purify yourselves, and change your
clothes.

This is embarrassing. To top off the shame of recent events-- Dinah's tryst, the
murders, and the subsequent looting in town-- now it turns out that the one family
on earth who was supposed to be a witness to the one True God., and all that He
stands for, had other gods in their midst! They were also wearing clothing taken
from the dead in town, clothing that more than likely honored the religions-- and
thus the morals-- of the Canaanite gods! No doubt the alien gods themselves were
booty too, collected from Shechem's town after the massacre.

Precisely what Jacob meant for his household, and all who were with him, to do in
order be "purified" is not said. Bathing in water was the usual means of purification
in the Old Testament; and often done in preparation to meet with God; but it's
more likely that he simply regarded the alien gods and the stolen booty as ill gotten
gain; ergo: contamination.


Gen 35:3 . . Come, let us go up to Bethel, and I will build an altar there to the
God who answered me when I was in distress and who has been with me wherever
I have gone.

Jacob thus made a distinction between the mute gods of the Canaanites, and the
vocal god of Israel. Jacob's god had been extremely active and useful in his life;
whereas the Canaanite gods were only inanimate pieces of superstitious statuary,
like voodoo dolls.

The altar would serve a couple of important purposes, but the one that would really
count in this case is its capacity as an official place of confession and absolution of
sins. The people of God, whether Jew or Christian, have never been sinless. But
sinless-ness is not an indicator that certifies whether or not someone is in God's
family. Confession and absolution are far better indicators, e.g. Ps 32:5-7.

The advantage of being in the family of Israel's God is the latitude His own have for
being themselves. Jacob's household sinned big time, yes, but their sins will effect
neither their divine purpose, nor their eternal destiny.


Gen 35:4 . .They gave to Jacob all the alien gods that they had, and the rings
that were in their ears, and Jacob buried them under the terebinth that was near
Shechem.

According to Webster's, a terebinth is a small European tree (Pistacia terebinthus)
of the cashew family yielding turpentine. The Hebrew word for "terebinth" is 'elah
(ay-law') which just means an oak or other strong tree.

The religious items Jacob collected, were not only in the possession of his kin, but
also in the possession of "all who were with him" (Gen 35:2) which would have
included servants, his slaves; and the recent captives. Some of the items would
have come from looting the town of Shechem, but many would have been acquired
in the area up and around Laban's vicinity in Mesopotamia; which is where Jacob
acquired the bulk of his labor force (Gen 30:43). Jacob lived for many years in close
proximity to religions centered upon gods other than Israel's God, and the influence
of those religions had a heavy impact upon the most holy community existing on
the entire planet at that time.

Exactly why Jacob chose to bury those items under a terebinth, instead of just
burying them in a hole out in pasture, is not said. He could have incinerated them
too, but, for some undisclosed reason, didn't. Some have tried to find symbolism in
that, but his decision may have been motivated by something as simple as a hot
day, and Jacob would rather work in the shade than out in the open.


Gen 35:5 . . As they set out, a terror from God fell on the cities round about, so
that they did not pursue the sons of Jacob.

The patriarchs had some very interesting advantages. Even when they deserved to
die, or at least assaulted and battered, the Bible's God was often on hand to
prevent it. Think about it though. If you knew that a small force of Jews were able
to overpower a whole town, would you want to lock horns with them? I don't think
so. Jacob's boys no doubt had a reputation in those parts now, and made their
neighbors nervous.

People were very superstitious in those days and often gave the credit for military
victories to their own personal gods; or to the gods of their conquerors, if that's the
way things went in battle. So that the god of the people of Israel now became the
one to be feared in those parts.

However, it's far better-- if at all possible --for the people of God to give a
testimony to the love of God rather than to the terror of God. But because of the
patriarchs' recent violent behavior, the love of God was far from the minds of the
people in Jacob's vicinity. They saw the people of Israel and their god as a serious
threat to the safety and well being of their communities rather than seeing Israel's
God as a potential source of blessing and providence.
_
 

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Gen 35:6-7 . .Thus Jacob came to Luz-- that is, Bethel --in the land of Canaan,
he and all the people who were with him. There he built an altar and named the site
El-bethel, for it was there that God had revealed Himself to him when he was
fleeing from his brother.

Bethel is located approximately 11 miles directly north of Jerusalem. Jacob erected
a stone cairn there when he left home; and gave the site its name: Bethel (House
Of God). At least thirty years have gone by since then. He stayed twenty years with
Laban, and had lived for an undisclosed number of years in the vicinity of
Schechem. Jacob was 75 when he left home, and was now easily over 100. He is
not only older now, but he's a lot wiser too. The experience at Shechem changed
Jacob in a remarkable way.

This time he builds an altar instead of a cairn, and names the site El-bethel (the
god of the House Of God). So Jacob's focus has shifted. Previously his emphasis
was upon a special site to worship God. This time, Jacob puts the emphasis where it
should have been in the first place: upon the object of his worship. Because, unless
God is actually present during worship, then designating a special place for worship
is futile.

In Rev 3:14-22, the church of the Laodicians is depicted as so entirely christless
that Jesus isn't even a member, no, he's on the outside of the building banging on
the door trying to get someone's attention to let him in. That was a solid Christian
church at one time; but as time went by; it somehow became quite christless.


Gen 35:8a . . Deborah, Rebecca's nurse, died, and was buried under the oak
below Bethel;

By now, Deborah was very aged; older than Rebecca, and had come south with her
to Canaan twenty years prior to Jacob's birth (Gen 24:59, 25:20, 25:26). Deborah
was already a mature woman when she came south with Rebecca because the word
for nurse-- yanaq (yaw-nak') --indicates a wet nurse. So Deborah did the surrogate
task of breast feeding the infant Rebecca, whose biological mom, for reasons
unknown, couldn't do it herself. Jacob knew Deborah quite well, having grown up
with her in his own home, and remained with her a good number of years before
leaving home himself at 75.

There's pretty good reason to believe that Rebecca had died prior to Gen 35:8
because it's extremely doubtful Deborah would leave her to join Jacob's troupe
otherwise.


Gen 35:8b . . so it was named Allon-bacuth.

Allon-bacuth means: oak of weeping. Deborah's passing was surely as emotionally
painful a loss to Jacob as the loss of his own mother.


Gen 35:9a . . God appeared again to Jacob on his arrival from Paddan-aram,

Paddam-aram was the region up north, in and around where Laban lived, and from
whence Jacob fled a number of years prior to Gen 35:9. But God reckoned Jacob
still on-route for the simple reason that he had yet to strictly comply with the order
to "Return to the land of your fathers where you were born" and "arise and leave
this land and return to your native land." (Gen 31:3, 31:13).

Instead of going directly to Bethel, as God apparently expected Jacob to do, he
settled in the region around Shechem-- where his daughter became promiscuous,
his sons became murderers and thieves, and Jacob alienated his neighbors: thus;
he, and his whole family, had become quite useless as a witness to the knowledge
of the one true God in that region.


Gen 35:9b-10 . . and He blessed him. God said to him: You whose name is Jacob,
you shall be called Jacob no more, but Israel shall be your name. Thus He named
him Israel.

This wasn't news to Jacob. He was renamed Israel by the angel (Gen 32:29). But
Jacob wasn't living up to his new identity. He needed urging to live as who he now
is, not live as who he once was before meeting God face to face.


Gen 35:11a . . And God said to him: I am El Shaddai.

The patriarchs were aware of God's other name Yhvh, and often referred to Him by
it; but El Shaddai is a name of God that they knew Him by in a personal way. It
means: God of all might; viz; the all-power god; or the god who invented, created,
and controls all natural and supernatural powers.

El Shaddai is the god who can make things happen, even things that are impossible
by natural means, and things that are above and beyond Man's mortal imagination;
so that El Shaddai is "the" god of providence who is easily strong enough to meet
any, and all, human need.

The name El Shaddai relates to Jacob's vow in Gen 28:20-21 where he said: If God
remains with me, if He protects me on this journey that I am making, and gives me
bread to eat and clothing to wear, and if I return safe to my father's house-- Yhvh
shall be my God.

God did remain with Jacob, protected him, provided for him, and got him back
home. Time now to make good on that vow.


Gen 35:11b . . Be fertile and increase;

At this point in his life, Jacob was just about done reproducing. He had one more to
go: Joseph. But Jacob's increase went way beyond his twelve sons were just the
beginning.


Gen 35:11c . . A nation, yea an assembly of nations, shall descend from you.
Kings shall issue from your loins.

That's pretty much what God promised Abraham back in chapter 17. The most
important kings were those of Israel, and in particular, the ones in David's line who
preceded Messiah.


Gen 35:12 . .The land that I assigned to Abraham and Isaac I assign to you; and
to your offspring to come will I assign the land.

Ownership of the land didn't pass from Abraham down to Isaac, and then to Jacob
as if it were an heirloom. God promised each patriarch full ownership along with
their progeny. We might call that kind of ownership tenancy in common, community
property, or joint-heirship. However, there's yet a fourth tenant in common: Christ.
(Gal 3:16)
_
 
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